Doctoral candidate in Biostatistics, Ross Peterson, will present:
“Methods for Validating the Statistical Power of Endpoints, Longitudinal Participant Compliance, and Longitudinal Treatment Effects in Clinical Trials”
PhD Advisers: David Vock and Joe Koopmeiners
Abstract: Clinical trials can be divided into three phases conducted before, during, and after the trial: 1) trial design; 2) data monitoring; and 3) statistical analysis, respectfully. The scientific accuracy of any clinical trial is inherently tied to the validity of the statistical assumptions made in each phase. I present methods that seek to both measure and account for violations of such statistical assumptions. For 1), a novel ordinal endpoint was recently proposed for evaluating new treatments for patients hospitalized by influenza. I investigate the power of the ordinal endpoint under model misspecification and compare it to the power of other endpoints derived from the same information. For 2), in some trials participants are not obligated to comply with the treatment protocol, and compliance may be unobserved. Biomarker measurements, however, can provide objective information on compliance. I propose a novel method that models a longitudinal biomarker as a longitudinal mixture density to estimate various probabilities of compliance. For 3), in completed trials participant noncompliance may create a difference between the treatment effect and causal effect, as noncompliant participants may systematically differ from compliant participants on some confounding variable. The G-computation algorithm can estimate the causal effect for longitudinal trials, but typically assumes that both compliance is observed and that the confounder models can be properly specified. I propose a modified G-computation algorithm estimator in the scenario where both assumptions are violated.