Mary Ryan, Statistics PhD candidate at the University of California, Irvine, and candidate for a faculty position with the Division of Biostatistics, Coordinating Center for Biometric Research (CCBR), will present:
“Sequential Sampling in Prospective Observational Studies”
Abstract: Many factors must be taken into account when designing an observational study. Unlike experimental studies, observational studies cannot mitigate the effects of confounding through randomization and such factors should be incorporated into both the study analysis and the study design. Unfortunately, there is often little data available on most of these factors at the design stage, rendering it infeasible to reliably postulate the impact of these factors on the treatment effect estimate and precision of such an effect. In this talk, I demonstrate how failure to account for confounding in the design stage of observational studies utilizing group sequential designs has deleterious effects on the study’s observed power. I do this by constructing a hypothetical study of Alzheimer’s disease biomarkers on cognition, using data from the Alzheimer’s Disease Neuroimaging Initiative, then outline a procedure to use data collected at interim analyses to better estimate variance and correct stopping boundaries to maintain power and type I error, while allowing for early study termination.
All are Welcome.