Craig W. Hedberg PhD » Faculty – Division of Environmental Health Sciences

Research Interests:Food borne disease surveillance, surveillance of environmental factors associated with foodborne disease, the role of food workers in the occurrence of food borne diseases, use of epidemiologic methods in outbreak investigations and disease control

Professor, Environmental Health Sciences

Address Division of Environmental Health Sciences 420 Delaware St. SE, MMC 807 Minneapolis MN 55455 United States Work Phone: 612-626-4757
Photo of Craig W. Hedberg PhD


Craig Hedberg received his M.S. in environmental health and his Ph.D. in epidemiology from the University of Minnesota. He has extensive practical experience investigating foodborne and infectious disease outbreaks. His research interests include foodborne disease surveillance systems, the epidemiology of foodborne diseases, and environmental factors contributing to infectious diseases

  • Ph.D., 1993, Epidemiology, University of Minnesota M.S., 1984, Environmental Health, University of Minnesota B.S., 1976, Biology, University of Connecticut


Disease Surveillance, Environmental Health, Epidemiology, Infectious Disease, Infectious Disease: Food-borne, Public Health Preparedness

Professional Experience:

  • 2008-Present Professor, Environmental Health Sciences, School of Public Health, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN
  • 1999-2008 Associate Professor, Environmental Health Sciences, School of Public Health, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN
  • 2005-2006 Visiting Scientist, Institut de Veille Sanitaire, St. Maurice, France
  • 1985-1999 Supervisor; Foodborne, Vectorborne and Zoonotic Diseases Unit, Minnesota Department of Health


1999 Food and Drug Administration Group Recognition Award- For outstanding efforts in the coordination and investigation of a multistate foodborne illness outbreak of Salmonella agona in toasted oat cereal in the spring of 1998. 1995 Harvey W. Wiley Medal, Food and Drug Administration Commissioner’s Special Citation- For outstanding work in the early identification and reporting of a U.S. wide outbreak of salmonellosis due to contaminated ice cream. 1991 Charles C. Shepard Science Award, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention 1989 Minnesota Environmental Health Association Merit Award

Selected Publications:

  • Voetsch AC, Poole C, Hedberg CW, Hoekstra RM, Ryder RW, Weber DJ, Angulo FJ. Analysis of the FoodNet case-control study of sporadic Salmonella serotype Enteritidis infections using persons infected with other Salmonella serotypes as the comparison group. Epidemiol Infect. 2009;137(3):408
  • Cho S, Fossler CP, Diez-Gonzalez F, Wells SJ, Hedberg CW, Kaneene JB, Ruegg PL, Warnick LD, Bender JB. Cattle-level risk factors associated with fecal shedding of Shiga toxin-encoding bacteria on dairy farms in Minnesota, USA. Can J Vet Res, 2009;73:151-156.
  • Smith KE, Medus C, Meyer SD, Boxrud DJ, Leano F, Hedberg CW, Elfering K, Braymen C, Bender JB, Danila RN. Outbreaks of Salmonellosis Associated with Frozen, Microwaveable, Breaded, Stuffed Chicken Products, Minnesota, 1998-2006. J Food Protection 2008;71:2153-2160.
  • Goulet V, Hedberg C, Le Monnier A, de Valk H. Increasing incidence of listeriosis in France and other european countries. Emerg Infect Dis, 2008;14:734-40.
  • Hedberg CW, Greenblatt JF, Matyas BT, Lemmings J, Sharp DJ, Skibicki RT, et al. Timeliness of Enteric Disease Surveillance in 6 US States. Emerg Infect Dis, 2008;14:311-3.
  • Hedberg CW, Palazzi-Churas KL, Radke VJ, Selman CA, Tauxe RV. The use of clinical profiles in the investigation of foodborne outbreaks in restaurants: United States, 1982-1997. Epidemiol Infect. 2008;136:65-72.
  • Reske KA, Jenkins T, Fernandez C, VanAmber D, Hedberg CW. Beneficial effects of implementing an announced restaurant inspection program. J Environ Health. 2007;69(9):27-34, 76; quiz 79-80.
  • Hedberg CW. The epidemiology of foodborne diseases. In: Doyle MP, Beuchat LR, Montville TJ (eds.) Food Microbiology: Fundamentals and Frontiers, Third Edition. ASM Press, American Society for Microbiology, Washington, DC, 2007; p. 519-533.
  • Hedberg CW, Smith JS, Kirkland E, Radke V, Jones TF, Selman CA, and the EHS-Net Working Group. Systematic Environmental Evaluations to Identify Food Safety Differences Between Outbreak and Nonoutbreak Restaurants. J Food Protection 2006; 69:2697-702.
  • Cho S, Diez-Gonzalez F, Fossler CP, Wells SJ, Hedberg CW, Kaneene JB, Ruegg PL, Warnick LD, Bender JB. Prevalence of shiga toxin-encoding bacteria and shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli isolates from dairy farms and county fairs. Vet Microbiol. 2006 Dec 20;118(3-4):289-98.
  • Medus C, Smith KE, Bender JB, Besser JM, Hedberg CW. Salmonella Outbreaks in Restaurants in Minnesota, 1995-2003: Evaluation of the Role of Infected Foodworkers. J Food Protection 2006; 69(8):1870-8..
  • Hedberg C. Listeria in Europe: the need for a European surveillance network is growing. Euro Surveill. 2006 Jun;11(6):75-6.
  • Malik YS, Allwood PB, Hedberg CW, Goyal SM. Disinfection of fabrics and carpets artificially contaminated with calicivirus: relevance in institutional and healthcare centres. J Hosp Infect. 2006 Jun;63(2):205-10.
  • Hedberg CW, Besser JM. Commentary: Cluster Evaluation, PulseNet, and Public Health Practice. Foodborne Pathogen Dis 2006;3:32-5.
  • Cho S, Bender JB, Diez-Gonzalez F, Fossler CP, Hedberg CW, Kaneene JB, Ruegg PL, Warnick LD, Wells SJ. Prevalence and characterization of Escherichia coli O157 isolates from Minnesota dairy farms and county fairs. J Food Prot. 2006 Feb;69(2):252-9.
  • Wedel SD, Bender JB, Leano FT, Boxrud DJ, Hedberg C, Smith KE. Antimicrobial-drug susceptibility of human and animal Salmonella typhimurium, Minnesota, 1997-2003. Emerg Infect Dis. 2005;11:1899-906.
  • Allwood PB, Malik YS, Maherchandani S, Hedberg CW, Goyal SM. Effect of Temperature on the Survival of F-Specific RNA Coliphage, Feline Calicivirus, and Escherichia coli in Chlorinated Water. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2005;2:442-6.
  • Bender JB, Smith KE, McNess AA, Fiorentino TR, Segler SP, Hawkins MA, Spina NL, Keene WE, Van Gilder TJ, Hedberg CW and the Epi FoodNet Working Group. Surveillance for Escherichia coli O157 infections in FoodNet Sites, 1996-1999. Clin Infect Dis 2004; 38 Suppl 3:S157-164.
  • Kassenborg HD, Hedberg CW, Hoekstra M, Evans MC, Chin AE, Marcus R, Vugia DJ, Smith K, Ahuja SD, Slutsker L, Griffin PM: Emerging Infections Program FoodNet Working Group. Farm visits and undercooked hamburgers as major risk factors for sporadic Escherichia coli O157:H7 infection: data from a case-control study in 5 FoodNet sites. Clin Infect Dis. 2004;38 Suppl 3:S271-8.
  • Allwood PB, Jenkins T, Paulus C, Johnson L, Hedberg CW. Hand washing compliance among retail food establishment workers in Minnesota.J Food Prot. 2004;12:2825-8.
  • Allwood PB, Malik YS, Maherchandani S, Vought K, Johnson LA, Braymen C, Hedberg CW, Goyal SM. Occurrence of Escherichia coli, noroviruses, and F-specific coliphages in fresh market-ready produce. J Food Prot. 2004;11:2387-90.
  • Allwood PB, Malik YS, Hedberg CW, Goyal SM. Effect of temperature and sanitizers on the survival of feline calicivirus, Escherichia coli, and F-specific coliphage MS2 on leafy salad vegetables. J Food Prot. 2004;7:1451-6.
  • Allwood, PB, Malik YS, Hedberg CW, Goyal SM. Survival of F-specific RNA coliphage, feline calicivirus, and Escherichia coli in water: a comparative study. Appl Environ Microbiol. 2003;69:5707-10.
  • Naimi TS, Wicklund JH, Olsen SJ, Krause G, Wells JG, Bartkus, Boxrud DJ, Sullivan M, Kassenborg H, Besser JM, Mintz ED, Osterholm MT, Hedberg CW. Concurrent outbreaks of Shigella sonnei and enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli infections associated with parsley: implications for surveillance and control of foodborne illness. J Food Prot. 2003;66:535-41.