Pilot study of a GSM patient sensitivity curriculum for prehospital EMT students

Olivia Sullivan

MPH, Maternal & Child Health

Dr. Zobeida Bonilla

Educational Objectives:

  • Describe the current state of gender and sexual minority (GSM) patient health in emergency care settings.
  • Examine the feasibility of implementing a short training video on GSM patient care for Emergency Medical Technician (EMT) students, and analyze the results.

Gender and sexual minorities, Emergency medicine


Many gender and sexual minority (GSM) patients avoid regular medical care due to fear of harm or discrimination, leading to a higher proportion of emergency medical services use. Poor treatment from emergency medical providers can create a three-pronged issue leading to delays in care: failure of the original medical problem to be addressed; increased harm to the patient; and avoidance of medical care in the future. Current research suggests that sensitivity training for in-hospital emergency care providers is beneficial to GSM patients. However, there is no literature available for prehospital emergency settings. A pre-/post-test pilot study was designed to assess potential feasibility and impact of a short training video on knowledge and attitudes of Emergency Medical Technician (EMT) students towards GSM patients in a prehospital emergency setting. The results of this pilot study can provide the basis for more comprehensive research on GSM patient experiences and cultural sensitivity training for emergency care providers in a prehospital setting.

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